Smart Health

Demographic change represents one of the greatest challenges of our age. We are all getting older as populations in both the developed and developing worlds live longer lives. However, a globally aging population with changing health requirements places new and difficult challenges on the health provision sector. Chronic illnesses, autoimmune diseases and infections are on the rise as global populations undergo dramatic demographic transformation. In Germany alone, more than one third of the population will be 65 years of age or older in just a few decades

Individualized medicine and preventative approaches are gaining ever more in importance as high-performing but affordable health system models are sought to face the health challenges of our time. Alongside the medical practice and the hospital, it is the private household which will develop to become the third pillar of the health sector economy

Smart health refers to the implementation of intelligent, networked technologies in order to constantly improve health provision for all within this changing health economy. Applicable in a range of both in- and out-patient environments, smart health means making the appropriate health care information and resources available at the right time; ensuring that the patient always receives the health care diagnoses and therapies she needs

 Smart Living

Home automation is the use and control of home appliances remotely or automatically. Early home automation began with labour-saving machines like washing machines. Some home automation appliances are stand alone and do not communicate, such as a programmable light switch, while others are part of the internet of things and are networked for remote control and data transfer. Hardware devices can include sensors (like cameras and thermometers), controllers, actuators (to do things), and communication systems. Remote control can range from a simple remote control to a smartphone with Bluetooth, to a computer on the other side of the world connected by internet

Home automation systems are available which consist of a suite of products designed to work together. These typically connected through Wi-Fi or power line communication to a hub which is then accessed with a software application. Popular applications include thermostats, security systems, blinds, lighting, smoke/CO detectors, and door locks.[1] Popular suites of products include X10, Z-Wave, and Zigbee all of which are incompatible with each other. Home automation is the domestic application of building automation

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC): it is possible to have remote control of all home energy monitors over the internet incorporating a simple and friendly user interface

Lighting control system

Appliance control and integration with the smart grid and a smart meter, taking advantage, for instance, of high solar panel output in the middle of the day to run washing machines

Security: a household security system integrated with a home automation system can provide additional services such as remote surveillance of security cameras over the Internet, or central locking of all perimeter doors and windows

Leak detection: smoke and CO detectors

Indoor positioning systems

Home automation for the elderly and disabled

Smart Mobility

Vehicle tracking systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functions such as fleet tracking, routing, dispatching, on-board information and security. Along with commercial fleet operators, urban transit agencies use the technology for a number of purposes, including monitoring schedule adherence of buses in service, triggering changes of buses' destination sign displays at the end of the line (or other set location along a bus route), and triggering pre-recorded announcements for passengers.

scenarios in which this technology is employed include

Stolen vehicle recovery: Both consumer and commercial vehicles can be outfitted with RF or GPS units to allow police to do tracking and recovery. In the case of LoJack, the police can activate the tracking unit in the vehicle directly and follow tracking signals.

Fleet management: When managing a fleet of vehicles, knowing the real-time location of all drivers allows management to meet customer needs more efficiently. Whether it is delivery, service or other multi-vehicle enterprises, drivers now only need a mobile phone with telephony or Internet connection to be inexpensively tracked by and dispatched efficiently

Asset tracking: Companies needing to track valuable assets for insurance or other monitoring purposes can now plot the real-time asset location on a map and closely monitor movement and operating status

Field service management: Companies with a field service workforce for services such as repair or maintenance, must be able to plan field workers’ time, schedule subsequent customer visits and be able to operate these departments efficiently. Vehicle tracking allows companies to quickly locate a field engineer and dispatch the closest one to meet a new customer request or provide site arrival information

Field sales: Mobile sales professionals can access real-time locations. For example, in unfamiliar areas, they can locate themselves as well as customers and prospects, get driving directions and add nearby last-minute appointments to itineraries. Benefits include increased productivity, reduced driving time and increased time spent with customers and prospects

Trailer tracking: Haulage and Logistics companies often operate lorries with detachable load carrying units. The part of the vehicle that drives the load is known as the cab and the load carrying unit is known as the trailer. There are different types of trailer used for different applications, e.g., flat bed, refrigerated, curtain sider, box container

Surveillance: A tracker may be placed on a vehicle to follow the vehicle's movements

Transit tracking: temporary tracking of assets or cargoes from one point to another. Users will ensure that the assets do not stop on route or do a U-Turn in order to ensure the security of the assets

Fuel Monitoring: monitor the fuel through tracking device with help of fuel sensor connected to the device

Distance Calculation: calculate the distance traveled by the fleet

OBD II - Plug and play interface which provides most of engine diagnostics information

Vehicle tracking systems are widely used worldwide. Components come in various shapes and forms but most utilize GPS technology and GSM services. While most will offer real-time tracking, Others record real time data and store it to be read, similar to data loggers. systems like these track and record and allow reports after certain points have been solved

Smart Technologies

ICT-based solutions are the engine of progress driving developments in the emerging smart industry sectors. They are the key technologies which make a smarter, sustainable economy reality. High-speed networks, open architectures and intelligent infrastructures that talk to each other are ushering in a transitional age of change not seen since the Industrial Revolution

ICT-based solutions make the smart economy a reality, by creating a genuinely connected, truly convergent world of intelligent devices for a smarter, more sustainable world. ICT forms the bedrock upon which tomorrow's business and industry solutions are built. Global questions of climate protection, energy efficiency, and sustainable mobility are but a few examples of the major international challenges being addressed by smart ICT solutions

Industrie 4.0

The fourth industrial revolution is a collective term embracing a number of contemporary automation, data exchange and manufacturing technologies. It had been defined as a collective term for technologies and concepts of value chain organization which draws together Cyber-Physical Systems, the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services

Industry 4.0 facilitates the vision and execution of a Smart Factory. Within the modular structured Smart Factories of Industry 4.0, cyber-physical systems monitor physical processes, create a virtual copy of the physical world and make decentralized decisions. Over the Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems communicate and cooperate with each other and with humans in real time, and via the Internet of Services, both internal and cross-organizational services are offered and utilized by participants of the value chain.

There are six design principles in Industry 4.0. These principles support companies in identifying and implementing Industry 4.0 scenarios

Interoperability: the ability of cyber-physical systems (i.e. workpiece carriers, assembly stations and products), humans and Smart Factories to connect and communicate with each other via the Internet of Things and the Internet of Services

Virtualization: a virtual copy of the Smart Factory which is created by linking sensor data (from monitoring physical processes) with virtual plant models and simulation models

Decentralization: the ability of cyber-physical systems within Smart Factories to make decisions on their own

Real-Time Capability: the capability to collect and analyse data and provide the derived insights immediately

Service Orientation: offering of services (of cyber-physical systems, humans or Smart Factories) via the Internet of Services

Modularity: flexible adaptation of Smart Factories to changing requirements by replacing or expanding individual modules

The fourth industrial revolution will affect many areas. A number of key impact areas emerge

Services and Business Models

 Reliability and continuous productivity

 IT security

 Machine safety

 Product lifecycles

 Industry value chain